The concept, present situation and development of

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The concept, current situation and development of printing ERP system

with the global economic integration and the intensification of international competition, the printing industry is also facing fierce competition. The price of all electric drive should be higher. If the printing enterprises want to be invincible, they must make continuous progress and development. If the enterprises want to develop, they must have a correct, advanced and innovative management mode. Therefore, it is imperative for printing enterprises to adopt a set of scientific enterprise management system

nowadays, the most popular enterprise management software is ERP system. ERP is known as a revolution in management thought and management technology ". It can be seen that the introduction of ERP system is imminent. So, what is ERP system and what is the framework of ERP system? The current situation and development of ERP system 7 this paper will focus on the printing ERP system to do some analysis

erp concept

specific communication with after-sales personnel is required. "ERP" is the abbreviation of English enterpriseresourcesplanning, which means "enterprise resource planning". On the basis of information technology, it is an advanced management tool that connects the information of various departments in an enterprise with systematic management ideas to realize information sharing, resource optimization and provide services for the enterprise management. It is an enterprise management software system for the processing and manufacturing industry that scientifically manages the enterprise's material resources, capital resources, time resources and information resources with planning as a link. ERP contains three "resources" of an enterprise, namely, logistics resources, capital flow resources and information flow resources.

1. at present, there is no lack of printing management software in the domestic printing industry, but most of them are only small software that helps enterprises manage their quotation and is suitable for traditional printing management. They are described as quotation, work order issuance, paper material management and so on. The management function of ERP is more understood as data statistics and analysis (e.g. cost accounting) and summarizing experience, many enterprises only use ERP to see more data and reports in a more timely manner. Because of being misled, enterprises often do not understand the core content of ERP and its most important role. For small printing plants, the application of ERP is very helpful. However, it can only be roughly managed. It has not been upgraded to the advanced stage of ERP management. In a real sense, there are few ERP software suitable for modern printing management. It can be said that many so-called ERP projects have deviated from their desired goals and directions from the beginning. Even they are diametrically opposed. This is also one of the important reasons why the implementation effect of a large number of ERP projects is not ideal

the industry media once had a question about what ERP is in your eyes? The results are shown in Figure 1

from Figure 1, most people engaged in printing have a correct understanding of ERP, and believe that the core of ERP is business process reengineering, not a single office system and financial system, but the sum of production, finance, human resources, logistics and other systems

2. printing ERP development background

printing industry bosses have been watching the development of ERP coldly. However, in recent years, the automation of printing technology and the electronization of Phototypesetting Technology have developed rapidly. The printing factory owners have begun to seek the arrival of informatization, hoping to turn advanced equipment into real benefits. ERP is heating up in the printing industry. The reason is that the brutal competition demands higher and higher printing quality, but the profits are getting thinner and thinner. The printing industry is experiencing fierce competition: lack of living resources, continuous decline in prices, substantial increase in varieties The general decline of printing number, shorter and shorter cycle, and difficult account recovery all make the business management feel unprecedented pressure. It is understood that in some areas, the original price per color was about 30-40 yuan, but now it has dropped to about 25 yuan. The low price has even dropped to about 15 yuan. According to the analysis of industry experts, the printing price of 15 yuan has become unprofitable. At this time, printing, a traditional industry, must seek cost saving space from informatization and pursue greater profits. In the past two years, the printing industry has changed from traditional printing to modern electronic printing. There must be a leap in management from manual typesetting to computer typesetting. This is the inevitability of ERP popularization in the printing industry

3.the development and evolution of ERP

since the 1940s, the development of ERP has gone through the following three typical stages:

① MRP focuses on production. Pursue to ensure supply, so as to achieve the goal of neither shortage nor overstock of materials. The basic tasks of MRP are: A. to export the demand quantity and demand time (related demand) of related materials (raw materials, parts, etc.) from the production plan (independent demand) of the final product; B. to determine the time of starting production (order) according to the demand time and production (order) cycle of the materials. The basic content of MRP is to prepare the production plan and purchase plan of parts

② MRPII focuses on the cost stage. Achieve consistency between logistics and capital. The basic idea of MRP I1 is to take the enterprise as an organic whole. From the perspective of overall optimization, the enterprise can effectively plan, organize and control various manufacturing resources and various links of production, supply and marketing finance by using scientific methods, so that they can develop harmoniously and give full play to their roles. MRP Ⅱ is a relatively complete production and operation management planning system and an effective management mode to realize the overall benefits of enterprises

③ ERP grasping the market stage. Realize information communication between partners and pursue higher profits. Now ERP is a supply chain oriented management idea further developed on the basis of enterprise MIS, mrp.mrpii management idea @d belt and tension. It combines the enterprise with market elements such as suppliers and customers, and integrates the internal procurement, development, design, production and sales of the enterprise, so that the enterprise can effectively manage and regulate human, financial, material, information and other resources, and realize the improvement of resource operation efficiency. The core management idea of ERP is to realize the effective management of the whole supply chain. Enterprise management informatization will promote enterprises to achieve all-round improvement and improvement in management idea, management mode, management method, management mechanism, management foundation, organizational structure, business process, rules and regulations and the quality of all employees through management innovation and business process reorganization, So as to improve the overall management level and competitiveness of enterprises and accelerate the modernization process of enterprise management

the management idea of printing ERP system

through the analysis of the specific organization and business environment of the enterprise, with the supply chain as the core, effectively plan, control and give back to the enterprise's finance, procurement, production and sales, so as to help the enterprise make rational use of resources, reduce inventory, reduce capital occupation, enhance the enterprise's adaptability, and improve market competitiveness and economic benefits. ERP system is based on JIT, CRM zero inventory, cost control, ISO9001 and other advanced enterprise management concepts, combined with the characteristics of printing enterprises. Aiming at the actual problems faced by domestic printing production enterprises, after in-depth investigation and research of printing production enterprises, according to the current market characteristics, it provides ERP solutions for the modern management of printing production enterprises. The printing ERP system should have the following characteristics:

1 a complete enterprise resource planning management system

on the basis of the standard MRP Ⅱ, it adds functions such as equipment management, quality management, human resource management, decision support e-commerce and supply chain, and becomes a complete ERP system to provide a comprehensive solution for printing production enterprises

2. accurate printing (product structure) description

printing products are completed by pre press printing and post press processing, and the use of printing materials is determined by various printing and packaging methods. The macro product structure also includes other packaging materials, auxiliary ink, etc; The product structure description function provided by the system shall be able to accurately describe the printing process flow of various products, and the system shall complete various relevant calculations according to the product process flow

3. exact process flow description

printing production can be roughly divided into three process stages: prepress (original design input, image and text processing, output), printing (printing materials, ink plate loading and machine printing), and post press processing (die-cutting or slitting binding box or bag making, etc.). The system will describe the printing production process flow in detail and supervise and control the production process

the general flow chart of printing enterprise production plan can be shown in Figure 2. The production of printing products is a long process from order receiving to final payment, which generally takes 5 ~ 6 months. Printing production can generally have the following processes: accepting orders, formulating processes, arranging production, collecting materials, circulation of various processes (including outsourced processing), scheduling of delivery and transportation (picking up), realizing sales, and collecting payment for goods

according to the business flow chart, establish a conceptual data model (as shown in Figure 3). As can be seen from Figure 3, the whole process of printing production involves business, engineering production suppliers, human resources, finance, materials and other departments. The whole system is sales management, quotation management, outsourcing management, financial management, material management, and hydraulic universal testing machine. What experiments can be done? First, we analyze the integration of a series of logistics, information flow and capital flow, such as inventory management, production planning management, process management and quality management

in terms of modules, the enterprise front-end management module and the enterprise back-end management module are designed to extend the relevant functions of customers and suppliers in the business management and procurement management module to form a front-end management module based on B/S (reader/server) structure. The enterprise back-end management module covers all management modules within the printing enterprise, as shown in Figure 4

the enterprise front-end management module and the enterprise back-end management module contain various management subsystems. The front-end management mainly includes customer and supplier management, while the back-end management includes sales management, quotation management, purchase management, outsourcing management, financial management, material management, inventory management, production plan management, process management, quality management Personnel management and other subsystems. The overall framework should realize the smooth integration of information flow and capital flow between modules at both ends. The overall framework model is shown in Figure 5. ERP, as a technology of management planning, is a technology of management process in the printing industry. Enterprise management informatization will promote enterprises to achieve all-round improvement and improvement in management ideas, management modes, management methods, management mechanisms, management basic organizational structure, business processes, rules and regulations and the quality of all employees through management innovation and business process reorganization, so as to improve the overall management level and competitiveness of enterprises and speed up the modernization process of enterprise management. The implementation of ERP can timely provide printing enterprises with the necessary information for decision support, increase the flexibility of production, and improve the reaction speed of printing enterprises to the market. The standardized management formed by ERP plays a certain role in ensuring the product quality

in a word, the implementation of ERP software system has penetrated into all levels of printing enterprise management, brought advanced modern enterprise management concepts, and injected new vitality into printing enterprises. With its assistance, the printing enterprise will surely prosper

reprinted from: Printed today

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