On the development trend and solutions of producti

2022-08-26
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Brief discussion on the development trend of production and logistics interconnection and its solutions

Abstract: Generally speaking, the disappearance of the demographic dividend and the rapid development of the logistics industry have put forward higher requirements for the cooperation between the production line and warehousing logistics, that is, the "rapid handover stick" like the 4x100 meter relay

in recent years, due to technological progress and changes in the socio-economic environment, China's manufacturing environment has undergone great changes. These changes have both the impact of the so-called industry 4.0 and the needs of enterprises' own development

at present, the production line equipment of production-oriented enterprises above the scale generally has a certain degree of automation, such as the reading pan universal experimental machine. However, if we carefully observe these automated production lines, we will find that the main focus or application direction of the previous automation technology is the production and manufacturing of products, and the collection, storage, transmission and application of relevant information are often rarely involved. That is, for the FMCG industry with relatively high production automation level at present, such as food, beer, beverage and other industries, the automatic production lines made by many enterprises a few years ago generally only have the functions of weighing, elimination and code spraying, and there is no good solution for the subsequent collection, storage and application of product information and production related data. Some large-scale and powerful enterprises have begun to make breakthroughs in this regard, which has led to the development of intelligent manufacturing. Of course, a considerable number of small and medium-sized enterprises have not yet carried out intelligent transformation and are still using traditional production methods. The following figure:

(the picture shows the loading picture of a domestic food enterprise. Here we can see that the workers move boxes of ham sausage from the warehouse to the flatbed truck, pull it out to the side of the truck, and then lift it to the car by manpower. There are two people on the car who are responsible for catching the boxes and placing them in the carriage. Right next to the flatbed trailer, there is another person who is responsible for counting. Such a simple loading process needs to be completed by four people. )

what we see here is only the loading process. In the workshop of this enterprise, the process of packing and sealing ham sausage is also realized manually. There is also a warehouse keeper in the warehouse, who is responsible for statistics and bookkeeping when the stevedores pull out the goods of a trailer. Such an enterprise, its labor cost and logistics efficiency are obviously difficult to meet the needs of market competition!)

thanks to the rapid development of Internet and IOT technology, the logistics industry has also undergone revolutionary changes in recent years. The annual production capacity will be increased to 3million and 1.5 million sets respectively. Logistics has developed from the original truck transportation and site distribution to an important link between manufacturers and sellers. For example, the four processes of production, logistics, sales and consumption are like the four players in the 4x100 meter relay race, in which logistics plays an increasingly important role. The reason is that the logistics industry itself has undergone great changes in recent years. First of all, the logistics industry is no longer just a transporter of goods, but also an important transmitter of relevant information. At the same time, it is also an important production source of information and data, which can provide a large amount of useful data information for manufacturers and sellers (the role of the logistics industry in the big data industry is very important, and it is worth special research). Secondly, the logistics industry itself extends from the transportation of goods to the front and rear ends, directly connects with the production line to undertake products and materials, and receives and stores data and information, rather than simply receiving goods at the gate of the warehouse; The backward end enters the warehousing (three-dimensional warehouse) until the process of commodity sales (delivery to end customers), and directly transmits the product information to the end sellers or consumers. Thirdly, the intelligent technology represented by the three-dimensional library not only improves the turnover efficiency of products, but also helps to ensure the quality of products, thereby improving consumers' consumption experience and satisfaction

another great social and economic change is the disappearance of China's demographic dividend, which has an obvious impact on production enterprises. Reflected in many manufacturing enterprises, it is not only the sharp rise in labor costs, but also facing a situation that people are difficult to recruit and manage. When the post-90s generation is already the main force of the labor force, and the post-00s generation will soon be 18 years old and will enter the job market one after another, many enterprises suddenly face an embarrassing situation of no recruitment and no availability. Enterprises with foresight have begun to use machines to replace manual work for material handling and packaging on a large scale about a decade ago, while a large number of enterprises began to think of using machines to replace manual work in the back end of production lines and logistics warehousing links in recent years, that is, after the popularity of the concepts of industry 4.0 and made in China 2025. This is also the reason why in recent years, pallet packaging has become popular rapidly and the demand for three-dimensional warehouses has soared

generally speaking, the disappearance of the demographic dividend and the rapid development of the logistics industry have put forward higher requirements for the cooperation between the production line and warehousing logistics, that is, the "rapid handover stick" like the 4x100 meter relay. It is difficult for enterprises to meet the needs of current market competition by manually handling, counting, and warehousing. Enterprises must find a more scientific, efficient and fast solution in the docking and integration of the production line and the logistics sales chuck (10) and the sales disc friction pairs (11) and (12)

based on the above background, the author creatively proposed integrated production and logistics solutions (IPL) for the problems encountered by production-oriented enterprises in the process of handing over goods from production lines to logistics. Its main purpose is to help enterprises realize the digital link from automatic production to intelligent logistics, and realize the synchronous transmission of information and data while transporting products. Its essence is that CPS extends at the end of the automatic production line to ensure that logistics can "take over" from production quickly and efficiently, and ensure the efficiency, stability and order of the whole process. As shown in the following figure:

production logistics interconnection solution (IPL) is a comprehensive solution. It is not a packaging line, nor is it a data acquisition and transmission software, nor is it a simple cargo transportation. The complete IPL solution is roughly composed of the following four parts:

Part I: physical equipment

the main functions of physical equipment include robot packing, palletizing technology, conveying system and pallet packaging family (strapping, winding). These hardware devices integrate industrial robots, visual recognition, human-computer interaction, detection, label generation and recognition technology, and form a production logistics interconnection solution suitable for different industries and products. And with the rapid development of intelligent manufacturing technology, solutions will continue to improve the level of intelligence and integration

width: 40m

Part II: information equipment

information equipment can be roughly divided into three levels according to different industries and different application requirements. The basic layer is mainly information and data acquisition and production equipment, including weighing, induction recognition, bar code printing equipment, labeling machine, etc. The middle layer is mainly the network layer, that is, communication, interconnection and IOT, which realizes the directional transmission, storage and exchange of data and information. The third layer of information equipment is the perception application layer, which mainly includes sensors, PCs, mobile terminals, call centers and RFID

Part III: data production

this part is the function of the previous part of the application equipment. After the production of various data information about products, the necessary data foundation for intellectualization is completed. It can not only transfer private data information while transporting goods through logistics, but also ensure the traceability of information in the complete production chain, supply chain and product life cycle

Part 4: data application

in the era of industry 4.0, all product information, including product name, specification, model, volume, weight, batch, date, certificate, manufacturer, price, etc., can be transmitted in an instant, so that one machine is in hand (code reader, scanning terminal) and information is in hand. All information is transmitted and shared among manufacturers, logistics providers, sellers and consumers in an efficient and accurate manner

the above four parts are combined to form a complete IPL solution. Will such solutions help enterprises really meet the standards of industry 4.0. I can show its characteristics through the following figure:

the reason why the author can propose the above IPL solution is based on the accumulation and precipitation of enterprises in the field of intelligent packaging for many years. On the other hand, the R & D technicians of the company always pay close attention to the latest international technology trends, and deeply pay attention to the needs of users and understand their pain points. The author's deep blue machine company, starting from the traditional food and beverage industry in 2015, has made a number of solutions for different users from the production line to the logistics end, from simple to complex, from small to large. Since then, the company has concentrated its R & D efforts on the application of production logistics interconnection solutions (IPL) in different industries. At present. Dark blue machine has provided different production logistics interconnection solutions for customers in six major industries, including food and beverage, chemical fiber and glass fiber, building materials and plates, chemical coatings, grain and feed, papermaking and paper products. The implementation of these programs, on the one hand, greatly reduced the use of labor, reducing labor costs; On the other hand, it also greatly provides the intelligent level of enterprise production and improves the efficiency of production and logistics; It also plays a good role in reducing the damage of products in the logistics stage and improving product quality. In terms of final sales performance and improving consumer feelings, it also plays a good role, which can be said to really achieve a win-win effect

we believe that through the use and testing of various industries and different enterprises, dark blue machine and our technicians will further improve the production logistics interconnection solution (IPL), help China's production-oriented enterprises, and make greater contributions to made in China 2025

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